Umbrian region olives and olive trees
The D.O.P. (Protected designation of origin) for Umbrian oil includes 5 area zones only in the region of Umbria: each production area is characterized by a peculiar variety of olives. Oils which comes from these 5 areas are made of blends of oils extracted through cold pressing techniques.
The composition of the blends varies zone by zone, resulting in a characteristic oil for each zone. The extra virgin olive oil D.O.P. Production Regulation (Disciplinare di Produzione della D.O.P.) for Umbria includes the olive varieties which are recommended and authorized by the Region.
The olive picking is done by hand or through mechanical means which do not damage the olives, as prescribed by the D.O.P. regulation. Thus it is done at the beginning of the harvest, when the olive starts changing its colors and it gives the top of fruity taste and the least acidity (beginning of November).
The olive are sent to the oil mill right after the picking, in order to maintain their freshness and integrity. Due to the climate and the olive trees logistics in Umbria ( both on hills and on mountains), 90% of this region’s production (8.000 tons per year ca) is of Extra Virgin Olive Oil.
ASSISI SPOLETO HILLS
The Moraiolo variety is the most common and typical of this area. Its medium size, dull black fruits are pulpy and well-known for the high quality extra virgin olive oil they make.
This kind of trees is easily found around the Trasimeno lake; its sweet olives are added to other olives’ varieties to make the final product more delicate.
The San Felice, the Frantoio and the Moraiolo trees varieties are typical of this area and they seem to be well known also for their antioxidant properties.
It is a medium size tree, typical of this area. It gives oval-shaped red violet olives with a high content of olive oil.
The Leccino is a large and cold hardy tree, with dense and wide branching. It gives big and pulpy fruits, rich in oil.
OIL TYPES: discover the differences
Olive Oil is a very prestigious, with high nutritional values food. It is used since ancient times and it is well known as the basic element for the Mediterranean Diet. Olive trees are said to exist since Neolithic Stone Ages.
The category of olive oils includes Extra Virgin Olive Oil, Virgin Olive Oil, Olive Oil and Olive Pomace Oil.
EXTRA VIRGIN OLIVE OIL
The acidity level is less than 0,8%. It is a superior category olive oil obtained directly from olives and solely by mechanical means.
VIRGIN OLIVE OIL
Olive oil obtained directly from olives and solely by mechanical means.
OLIVE OIL COMPOSED OF REFINED OLIVE OILS AND VIRGIN OLIVE OILS
Oil comprising exclusively olive oils that have undergone refining and oils obtained directly from olives. The acidity level is less than 1%.
POMACE OLIVE OIL
Oil comprising exclusively oils obtained by processing olive pomace oil and oils obtained directly from olives. The acidity level is less than 1%.